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United Kingdom

On the 23rd of July 2021, it was held the VIRTEU National Workshop, which focused on the United Kingdom.


During the workshop, and through a series of questions, several experts were called upon to provide critical evaluations based on their professional experience about the relation between tax crimes and corruption. The discussion aimed at shedding light on systemic weaknesses within the context of contrasting such criminal phenomena from a legal and practical perspective.

Organization and Moderation:

Dr. Costantino Grasso 

Associate Professor in Business and Law at Manchester Law School
VIRTEU Principal Investigator

Dr. Lorenzo Pasculli

Associate Head for Research at Coventry Law School
VIRTEU Co-lnvestigator

The video recording of the event is available below. 

Suggested Citation

APA: [Speaker's surname, initial(s)] (2021, July 23). VIRTEU National Workshop - United Kingdom, Session [1 or 2]. Video recording at [00:00]. Retrieved from


HARVARD: [Speaker's surname, initial(s)] (2021) VIRTEU National Workshop - United Kingdom, Session [1 or 2] [Online]. Video recording at [00:00]. Available at:

OSCOLA: [Speaker's name and surname] ‘VIRTEU National Workshop - United Kingdom’, Session [1 or 2] (Corporate Crime Observatory, 23 July 2021), Video recording at [00:00], <>

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National Experts:

• Lloydette Bai-Marrow

Founding Partner Parametric Global Consulting, Former Principal Investigative Lawyer at the Serious Fraud Office.

Mike Betts

Head of Learning and Counter Fraud Studies, CIFAS.

Rachel Cook

Senior Associate, Peters and Peters LLP.

Dilpreet K. Dhanoa

Barrister at Field Court Tax Chambers.

Adam Luck

Freelance Investigative Journalist

Osita Mba

Solicitor in England and Wales, Chartered Tax Adviser, Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Taxation, Former Lawyer for Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs (HMRC).

Project Experts:
John Christensen
Founder and Chair of the Board of Tax Justice Network

Branislav Hock
Senior Lecturer in Economic Crime at the University of Portsmouth

Mary Inman 
Lawyer and Partner, Constantine Cannon London Office

Michael J. Ronickher
Lawyer and Partner, Constantine Cannon Washington Office

Donato Vozza 
PROTAX Research Associate at Coventry University


The first session of the workshop was devoted to the exploration of the following topics:

•  The phenomenon of tax crimes;

•  The complexity of the legal system and adequacy of the legal definitions;

•  The potential deficiencies of the legal system;

•  The sectoral vulnerabilities to fraud and corruption in the area of taxation.​

Interactive Table of Contents


The second session of the workshop offered a special focus on the following topics:

• The role of professionals as enablers of economic crime;

• Institutional corruption and undue influence on the political decision-making process;

• Effectiveness and limits of investigative powers and anti-tax crime/corruption strategies;

• Attribution of corporate criminal liability and settlement procedures;

• The relevance of whistleblowing and whistleblowers protection.

Interactive Table of Contents

  • Topic 1: Additional focus on VAT fraud in the UK

  • Topic 2: Influence of the Panama Papers scandal

  • Topic 3: Enablers and facilitators of tax crimes

  • Topic 4: Institutional response to professional enablers

  • Topic 5: Contiguity between enablers and authorities

  • Topic 7: The "revolving door" phenomenon

  • Topic 8: Integrity of the system and professional integrity

  • Topic 9: Corporations and Deferred Prosecution Agreements

  • Topic 10: Lack of prosecution of corporate executives

  • Topic 11: Need for intrusive investigative techniques

  • Topic 12: Role of whistleblowers in anti-tax crime cases

  • Topic 13: Personal reasons behind the disclosure

  • Topic 14: Forms or retaliations against whistleblowers

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